Microsoft has said that Windows Server 2012 is the company’s efforts to enable organizations to build and operate private cloud infrastructures. Some of the new features in Server 2012 include an updated version of Microsoft's Hyper-V Hypervisor; a new Resilient File System (ReFS); Storage Spaces Technology among others.
One thing that needs to be noted here is that the new server operating system will deliver to its full potential only when it is used in conjunction with Microsoft's System Center 2012 management platform.
Microsoft has said that Windows Server 2012 will be available in four editions: the Datacenter edition; the Standard edition; Windows Server 2012 Essentials and the Server 2012 Foundation.
According to Satya Nadella, the president for Microsoft's servers and tools business revealed in a blog post that the operating system giant is focused on four key areas. "First is the transformation of the datacenter […] Second is offering the APIs and runtimes to enable developers to create modern applications - for mobile, social and big data. A third important aspect is ensuring personalized services and experiences […] Lastly, data of any size or type, stored anywhere and processed in any style, must be a first-class citizen of the Cloud OS."