Georgia is willing to build this whole thing on a micro scale because the researches are positive about handling the radio waves that lie in the terahertz range and getting them close to the infrared where the wavelengths are below a millimetre.
Graphene has its advantage too as the electrons pass through it very quickly supporting much higher frequencies than a typical metallic antenna.
Over large distances this technology will not be useful as terahertz waves are absorbed by the atmosphere leaving them useless however at shorter distances fast communications will be possible for transfers between the devices. This thing will also allow the users to back up the huge amount of data to an external device in a very short period of time.
Dr Ian Akyildiz is leading the Georgia Tech group and proposes to shape the graphene into strips thinner than 100 nanometres wide and a micron long for the communication channel.
Dr Akyildiz’s group has got designs, calculations ready and their work has already been accepted for publication in IEEE’s Journal of Selected Areas in Communication but, the team is aiming to build a prototype before the end of 2013.